Past tense verbs

Past tense verbs
الأفعال في الزمن الماضي

تتكون العديد من أفعال الزمن الماضي بمجرد إضافة ed
إلى نهاية الفعل المضارع
Many past tense verbs are formed just by adding -ed to the end of the present tense verb.
تتكون العديد من أفعال الزمن الماضي بمجرد إضافة ed
إلى نهاية الفعل المضارع
walk – walked
clean – cleaned

 

Irregular verbs
الأفعال الشاذة

ومع ذلك، فإن بعض الأفعال الأكثر شيوعا أفعال شاذة
مما يعني أن أشكالها في الماضي لا تنتهي ب ed
ويمكن تكوينها بطرق عديدة ومختلفة

However, some of the most common verbs are irregular, which means that their past forms do not end in -ed. They can be formed in many different ways

have make eat drink Let
had made ate drank Let

The verb ‘be’
الفعل be

The verb be has two forms in the past – was and were. Use was with the pronouns he, she, it and I. Use were with you, we and they.
الفعل be له شكلان في الماضي was و were

 

  استخدم was مع الضمائر

?-??-?ℎ?-ℎ?

He was tired yesterday

 

واستخدم were مع

?ℎ??-??-???

They were happy in Paris

 

Negatives
حالات النفي

استخدم did + not لنفي الأفعال في الماضي. ويبقى الفعل
الأساسي في شكله الأصلي

Use did + not to make negative past tense verbs. The main verb remains in its base form

They did not like London
We did not meet John yesterday

في اللغة الانجليزية المنطوقة
عادة ما يتم اختصار did not إلى didn’t
In spoken English, the phrase did not is usually contracted to didn’t

They didn’t like London
We didn’t meet John yesterday

استخدم عبارات was not و were not للفعل be
الاختصارات لهذه العبارات هي wasn’t و weren’t

Use the phrases was not and were not for the verb be. The contractions of these phrases are wasn’t and weren’t

Frank was not ( wasn’t ) happy in Los Angeles
Oscar and Pam were not (weren’t)at home yesterday

Past tense questions
أسئلة الزمن الماضي

استخدم كلمة did في بداية الجملة لتكوين سؤال في الزمن
الماضي. استخدم الشكل الأساسي للفعل الأساسي بعد did
لا تضف s إلى الفعل
Use the word did at the beginning of a sentence to form a past question. Use the base form of the main verb after did. Do not add an -s to the verb

?Did he go to Shanghai
?Did they eat dinner

لتكوين السؤال في الزمن الماضي باستخدام الفعل be
ضع was أو were في الجزء الأمامي من السؤال

To form a past tense question with the verb be, put was or were at the front of the question phrase

?Was he happy
.He was happy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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